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Why is Swachh Bharat abhiyan a failure?

Why is Swachh Bharat Abhiyan a failure?

Western countries have always been appreciated in terms of development and cleanliness and they remain dream destination of most of the Indian as they are so much cleaner that we can even walk barefoot in public road but when it comes to making India clean we prefer to complain about it rather than doing something for it.

Swacch Bharat Abhiyan is a great initiative of Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s government to clean Bharat but it failed miserably.

But why Swachh Bharat Abhiyan failed, is it because of government? Yes for some parameters it failed because of government but mostly it failed because of the Indian public.

Let me explain it with an example:-

The Bystander Effect.

A group of 10 people were called in and asked to sit down.


A man entered and began to set up a tent. As part of the plan, he was making it appear to the group that he was unable to do it alone.


Experiment 2

The catch was that out of the 10 people, 9 were actors and knew that it was an experiment.

The main agenda of the experiment was to see how long it takes for that one person to offer help when they are in a crowd.

In each of the cases, the non-actors looked like they wanted to help yet refrained to take the initiative

Experiment 3

Then the same experiment was conducted in a room without the actors; with a single person at a time.

 Experiment 4


The average time taken by people in the first experiment was 8 minutes.

The average time taken by people in the second experiment was just 3 minutes.

In fact, one of the girls in the second experiment went ahead to help him in just 12 seconds!

The bystander effect says that when you are in a group, responsibility diffuses among all the people.

You are less likely to take an initiative because you think someone else should do it. They all are equally responsible!

This is a major problem of Swachh Bharat Abhiyan.

If a group of 10 people can put doubts in a person’s mind, then imagine what happens when the responsibility to clean an entire nation gets divided amongst 1.3 billion people.

“In this gigantic population, what difference will I make?”

It is just one step to make India a superpower.

Thanks to the bystander effect, we now have 1.3 billion people waiting for someone else to come and make a difference.

It’s really easy to sit back and say, “Let society make a change first.”

But we often forget that: You are society.

Be the change you wish to see in the world.

Though Public is largely responsible for the failure of the Swachh Bharat Abhiyaan as I mentioned above on some parameters it failed because of Indian Government too.

Despite the initiative was started by the BJP government and who tried to spread the awareness of Clean India and even the popular celebrities participated in it too be it, Sachin Tendulkar, Amitabh Bachan and many more but even after all these the result is still the same as it was before the initiative was started, that India is still the dirtiest country.

This great initiative was launched in 2014 and since then just for showing off nothing has been done in terms of cleaning though there are some areas where people participated in Clean India initiative aggressively but for some time.

Swachh Bharat Before after

The government is also responsible for the Swachh Bharat failure because it has every data available for Clean India Initiative and they know that Indian Public is not doing enough for it still they are not taking any concrete steps to counter this.

Now comes the question of what Government can do to achieve success in Clean India Initiative?

One of the many concrete steps that Indian Government can take is to impose a hefty fine for a Punisher, like Rs.20,000 for peeing in Public, Rs.10,000 for dumping garbage on public places etc and set an example of some people by posting on social media and in news channel so that other will fear of doing it.

But how will the government knows who is dumping the garbage and peeing in public areas?

And the solution is to put CCTV Cameras and the make a new division of Clean Police who can roam everywhere and should be given rights to fine whoever commits above offence.

But why people pee in public and throw garbage in public places?

That’s because there are no proper arrangements for the toilets and dustbins and which are there already are very fewer and in a heinous condition.

The Government should make super clean toilets and maintain them regularly so that every person can use it and that too in every area.

From one point we are preventing people to litter, throw garbage and peeing by imposing fines, on the other hand, we are also giving better alternatives to the Public.

These are some ways by which Swachh Bharat Abhiyaan can be a huge success.

I hope the government acts on it on a very urgent basis as the issue is rapidly deteriorating day by day.


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